NFIRS 5.0 Element: ‘Cause of Illness/Injury’
Définition : The physical event that caused the injury or illness.
Purpose : When combined with Body Site and Type of Injury, this element permits an understanding of the conditions causing injury or illness and provides a means of developing strategies to reduce injuries and sudden illnesses.
Entry : Enter the two-digit code that indicates the immediate cause or condition responsible for the injury or illness.
|Element Type||Coded Field – The coded field relating to an entry in the code table. Most coded fields allow for Plus+ One codes. For these fields the expected length of the coded entry is depicted as (National length OR Plus+ One length). Only fields with this notation in the expected length column allow for Plus+ One definitions. If the user has not provided information, an empty field should be transmitted.|
CAUSE OF ILLNESS/INJURY CODES
Here are the NFIRS codes for the ‘Cause of Illness/Injury’ element
|10||Chemical exposure. Includes accidental poisoning by solid or liquid substances, gases, and vapors, which are
not included under accidental drug poisoning (11).
|11||Drug poisoning. Includes accidental poisoning by drugs, medicinal substances, or biological products.|
|12||Fall. Excludes falls that occur in the context of other external causes of injury, such as fires, falling off boats, or
falling in accidents involving machinery in operation.
|13||Aircraft-related accident. Includes spacecraft.|
|14||Bite. Includes animal bites, including non-venomous snakes and lizards. Excludes venomous stings (36).|
|15||Bicycle accident. Includes any pedal cycle accident. Pedal cycle is defined to include bicycles and tricycles.
Excludes motor vehicle or motorbike accidents.
|16||Building collapse/construction accident. Includes all accidents on construction sites. Not to be used for
specific mechanism of injury (e.g., “Fall”).
|17||Drowning, not related to watercraft use. Includes swimming accidents, bathtubs, etc.|
|18||Electrical shock. Includes accidents related to electric current from exposed wires, faulty appliances, high-
voltage cables, live rails, or open electric sockets. Excludes lightning (26).
|19||Cold. Includes cold injuries due to weather exposure or cold produced by man, such as in a freezer.|
|20||Heat. Includes thermal injuries related to weather or heat produced by man, such as in a boiler room or
factory. Excludes heat injury from conflagration (22).
|21||Explosives. Includes all injuries related to explosives. Excludes fireworks (25).|
|22||Fire and flames. Includes burning by fire, asphyxia or poisoning from conflagration or ignition, and fires
secondary to explosions.
|23||Firearm. Includes accidental and purposeful firearm injuries.|
|25||Fireworks. Injuries caused by pyrotechnics designed for or used for display purposes. Includes consumer fire
|26||Lightning. Excludes falling objects as a result of lightning and injuries from fires that are a result of lightning.|
|27||Machinery. Includes machinery accidents except when machinery is not in operation. Excludes electrocution
|28||Mechanical suffocation. Includes suffocation in bed or cradle (crib death), closed space suffocation, plastic
bag asphyxia, and accidental hanging.
|29||Motor vehicle accident. Includes any motor vehicle accident occurring on or off a public roadway or highway.|
|30||Motor vehicle accident, pedestrian. Motor vehicle accidents in which the patient was a pedestrian struck by a
motor vehicle of any type. Includes individuals on skates, in baby carriages, in wheelchairs, on skateboards,
and on skis.
|31||Non-traffic vehicle accident. Includes any motor vehicle accident occurring entirely off public roadways or
highways. For instance, an accident involving an all-terrain vehicle (ATV) in an off-road location would be a
|32||Physical assault/abuse. Includes all forms of battering and non-accidental injury to patients.|
|33||Scalds/Other thermal. Includes all burn injuries resulting from hot liquids or steam.|
|34||Smoke inhalation. Includes smoke and fume inhalation from fire.|
|35||Stabbing assault. Includes cuts, punctures, or stabs of any part of the body.|
|36||Venomous sting. Includes bites and stings from venomous snakes, lizards, spiders, scorpions, insects, marine
life, or plants. For animal bite, use 14.
|37||Water transport. Includes all accidents related to watercraft. Excludes drowning and submersion accidents (17)
unless they are related to watercraft use. Thus, if a person falls out of a boat and drowns, it should be coded within
this category. If a person drowns in a swimming pool or bathtub, it should be coded as “Drowning.”
|00||Cause of illness/injury, other.|
|UU||Unknown. Includes situations when data cannot be accurately reconstructed from the run record.|