NFIRS 5.0 Element: ‘Injury Types’

Definition : The clinical description of the injury received by the patient.
Purpose : When combined with Body Site and Cause of Injury, this element enables EMS planners to analyze the types of injuries treated by EMS responders. This entry can be correlated with other data collected in the Basic and EMS Modules to provide useful information for tracking trends and reducing injuries. When used in conjunction with follow-up patient information, this data element is valuable in assessing the correlation between injury assessment in the field and actual injuries as evaluated in medical facilities.
Entry : Enter a description of the primary injuries sustained by a patient for each part of the body listed in Block H1. The first Injury Type is associated with the first Body Site of Injury listed in Block H1, the second type with the second site, etc. Then select and record the appropriate code number for injury type recorded. If the patient is suffering from an illness and not an injury, skip to Block H3.

Element Specification

 Specification   Value 
Requirement Optional
Element Type Coded Field – The coded field relating to an entry in the code table. Most coded fields allow for Plus+ One codes. For these fields the expected length of the coded entry is depicted as (National length OR Plus+ One length). Only fields with this notation in the expected length column allow for Plus+ One definitions. If the user has not provided information, an empty field should be transmitted.


Here are the NFIRS codes for the ‘Injury Types’ element,

10 Amputation.
11 Blunt injury.
12 Burn.
13 Crush.
14 Dislocation/Fracture.
15 Gunshot.
16 Laceration.
17 Pain without swelling.
18 Puncture/Stab.
19 Soft tissue swelling.
00 Injury type, other

Topic: NFIRS

Last Updated on March 18, 2023