Understanding Water Hammer in Firefighting Operations

Water hammer is a term used to describe the sudden, forceful banging noise that can occur in a fire suppression system when a valve is quickly closed. This can occur when a fire hose is shut off abruptly, causing a surge of pressure in the piping. Water hammer can also occur when a pump is shut off suddenly.

When water hammer occurs, it can cause damage to the piping and valves, as well as disrupt the flow of water in the system. This can lead to reduced water pressure and reduced effectiveness of the fire suppression system. To prevent water hammer, firefighters may use slow-closing valves or air chambers in the piping to absorb the pressure surge.

In addition to preventing damage to the system, understanding and preventing water hammer is important for the safety of firefighters. The sudden, loud noise and vibration can be startling and can cause injury if a firefighter is in close proximity to the source of the water hammer.

Overall, understanding water hammer and taking steps to prevent it is important for maintaining the integrity and effectiveness of the fire suppression system, as well as for the safety of firefighters.

Firefighters use APX Fire RMS Software solutions to inspect, investigate, map, pre-plan, fire hydrant and NFIRS report to their firefighting operations.

Last Updated on February 22, 2023